The Romance group of languages spoken by many Europeans is considered the most beautiful in pronunciation. Separately, it is worth highlighting Spanish and Italian because of their distinctive melody and linguistic temperament. These languages are gorgeous in any form: live speech, official performances, theatrical sets, songs. Without even understanding the meaning of the words, you can listen to the language and melodic combinations. Spanish and Italian are very similar, at some points are synonymous, but at the same time have many differences.
SPANISH — Its Origins and Features
To give a comprehensive picture of the language, let’s dive into history and find out how Spanish was born, what changes it has undergone over the years and what it is today.
The birth of Spanish took place in medieval Castile. The spread occurred naturally, thanks to the conquistadors — sea travelers who introduced their language to the inhabitants of the new world.
Like with other European languages, you can find its origins in Latin. Then it gradually acquired different dialects. Linguists believe that among modern languages Spanish is phonetically the closest one to Latin. Portuguese and Italian changed more intensively, absorbing the features of local dialects.
Also, Spanish is spoken in different parts of Spain but there are several variations. Regional groups are divided into Catalan, Aragonese, Galician, Occitan, Asturian, Aran, and Valencia. Each of these regions has its variant of the Spanish language.
According to some teachers, Spanish is easier to learn than, for example, French or German. But, it all depends on the level that the student wants to achieve. You can achieve perfection, hone your spoken language, and have perfect grammar skills in a few years. You can also upgrade your language skills by communicating with Spanish native speakers during a trip in three to four months.
One of the peculiarities of Spanish is using stresses, where a beginner can easily get confused. It is important to remember the rule. Emphasis should be placed on the last syllable if the word ends with a consonant (exceptions - n, and s). You emphasize the penultimate syllable if there’s the vowel or “n/s” at the end of the word. Graphically, stress is denoted as in many other languages: á.
ITALIAN — Its Basics and Nuances
An elegant boot washed by the Mediterranean Sea was not a sovereign state until two hundred years ago. Italy was gradually formed from separate nationalities, each of which had its own culture and language. Modern Italian dialects are not similar across the country. A universal language was adopted, but mental linguistic nuances remained. Sometimes there are situations when indigenous southerners do not understand the inhabitants of northern Italy.
Italiano is descended from Volgare, a Latin folk language spiced with regional dialects. Modern Italian is based on the Tuscan dialect in which the Florentines were the first to speak. The father of the literary Italiano is Dante, who introduced the world to his "Divine Comedy", which was published in all languages of the world.
Today, the language of sunny Italy is considered one of the most beautiful and melodic. It is easier to learn than Spanish. This applies to grammar, vocabulary, and phonetics. Though there are difficulties and nuances that you must be aware of.
Now, let’s talk about pronunciation. There are no complex transcriptions that you should read several times before speaking out loud. In most cases, the word is pronounced as it is written. Consonants are clear, sometimes sharp, there are no muffles or long vowels. Vowels are also phonetically simple and transparent. The main thing is to correctly place stresses, intonations and make competent semantic accents.
What do Spanish and Italian have in common?
The phonetics of Español is easier to learn than French or English, but more complicated than Italian. There are many nuances of intonation and problems with stress. The sound of words can be accompanied by an expression, dynamics, and brightness. So, for example, “k, t, p” are pronounced clearly, without aspiration.
The peculiarity of phonetics in Italian is multiple and long vowels that are not found in other languages of the romance group. Due to this combination of letters in words in Italian, the language is so melodious. You have to master the technique of full-voiced pronunciation, which requires the intense training of your speech apparatus.
What are the differences between Spanish and Italian?
One of the characteristics of Español is the complex vector system of times, which requires deep understanding. There are fourteen tenses. They include seven complex and seven simple tenses. The imperative mood is used in two forms, which differ not only in the negative particle but also in the lexical structure itself. Verbs and moods have a huge number of endings that you need to not only remember, but also understand.
In Italian, the grammar is easier than in Español. There are three main tenses: present, future, and past, the constructions of which are mostly formed based on auxiliary verbs. One of the difficulties in the form of irregular verbs. There are many of them, it is better to memorize the whole list. The conjugation rules of verbs is an important point for proper and native-like construction of sentences. You should pay attention to this one if you are going to become proficient in this language.
When comparing Spanish and Italian languages, you may find that there are many points of intersection. No wonder they share the same language group. Though the differences require your attention when you try to learn Spanish and Italian. Knowing the differences between Spanish and Italian languages, in that case, is one key to mastery.