The biggest Chinese holiday is finally here! It is an event that bears a cultural significance to the Chinese, and this is none other than the Lunar New Year (or Chinese New Year). Traditionally, it is a time for family members and relatives to have a reunion, to rejoice in the triumph of Spring over Winter, and to celebrate the coming of a brand new year.
Fun facts: The Lunar New Year, also known as Spring festival, 春节 (Chūn Jié), is widely celebrated in China and across many other countries where there are Chinese communities. Most Chinese festivals follow the Lunar calendar instead of the Gregorian calendar. Thus the Lunar New Year usually falls around late January or February depending on the date indicated in the Lunar Calendar.
During the Lunar New Year, Chinese people traditionally wear red clothing, decorate their windows and walls with red paper motifs, perform dragon dances and hand out money-stuffed red envelopes known as 紅包 (Hóng Bāo), or Red Packets. To the Chinese, the color red is perceived as an auspicious color and to wear or carry something red with you on Lunar New Year would bring a year of good fortune.
FYI: This is the Year of the Boar!
Besides doing something auspicious, the Chinese also believe that your words can be the tool of blessings. By wishing others well on Lunar New Year, is to create a refreshing sense of new beginnings and a year of abundance. To be able to say those words of greeting mean a lot to a Chinese person, whether he or she is a relative or a friend. I will share with you 8 Lunar New Year greetings to use to impress your Chinese relatives and friends.
8 Lunar New Year greetings to use to impress your Chinese relatives and friends
1. 新年快乐 (xīn nián kuài lè)
新 - New
年 - Year
新年 - New year
快 - Pleasant and gratified
乐 - To laugh and be cheerful
快乐 - To be merry and joyful
新年快乐 - Happy new year
2. 恭喜发财 (gōng xǐ fā cái)
恭 - came form the word "恭敬" (gōng jìng), which means respect
喜 - To be happy and joyous
恭喜 - Respectfully wishing you happiness and joy
发 - To send, give out, or to express
财 - Money and fortune
发财 - To have abundant wealth
恭喜发财 - Wishing you a prosperity, joy and happiness
3. 心想事成 (xīn xiǎng shì chéng)
心 - Heart
想 - To Think
心想 - To use one's heart to think
事 - Some issues or matters at hand
成 - Completion
成事 / 事成 - To see a matter come into fruition
心想事成 - Whatever endeavors your heart wishes to fulfil, it shall be turned into fruition
4. 万事如意 (wàn shì rú yì)
万 - Million
事 - Issues or matters
万事 - Every matters
如 - as (conjunction)
意 - intention / expectation
如意 - As intended
万事如意 - Best wishes, may all your hopes be fulfilled as intended
5. 身体健康 (shēn tǐ jiàn kāng)
身 - Body
体 - System
身体 - Body system
健 - To strengthen
康 - Healthy and abundant
健康 - To be healthy
身体健康 - Wishing you good health
6. 事业发达 (shì yè fā dá)
事 - Any matter or work
业 - Industry or Enterprise
事业 - Career
发 - to send and reach out
达 - to attain or amount to something
发达 - To flourish
事业发达 - Wishing you a flourishing career
7. 生意兴隆 (shēng yì xīng lóng)
生- To give life
生意- Business (To give life to an idea)
兴- To rise, to flourish, and to become popular
隆- Grand and prosperous
兴隆- To rise to greatness, and to prosper
生意兴隆- Wishing your business a great success
8. 猪年大吉 (zhū nián dà jí)
猪年- Year of the Boar
大- Big, huge, and in large amount
吉- To be lucky and fortunate
大吉- To be very auspicious and extremely lucky
猪年大吉- Wishing you an auspicious Year of the Boar
The beauty of the Chinese language is that every character has a meaning attached to it. When a Chinese character is written or spoken with another character, it creates a new meaning, which often leads to a Chinese idiom, or proverb. Now that you have learned the 8 Lunar New Year greetings, time to string them all together to form a complete sentence of well wishes to impress your Chinese relatives and friends during the Spring Festival!
In Traditional Chinese:
新年快樂, 恭喜發財, 心想事成, 萬事如意, 身體健康, 事業發達, 生意興隆, 豬年大吉!
In Simplified Chinese:
新年快乐, 恭喜发财, 心想事成, 万事如意, 身体健康, 事业发达, 生意兴隆, 猪年大吉!
Chinese Pronunciation in hàn yǔ pīn yīn:
Xīn nián kuài lè, gōng xǐ fā cái, xīn xiǎng shì chéng, wàn shì rú yì, shēn tǐ jiàn kāng, shì yè fā dá, shēng yì xīng lóng, zhū nián dà jí!
Saying it in Cantonese:
san1 nin4 faai3 lok6, gung1 hei2 faat3 coi4, sam1 soeng2 si6 sing4, maan6 si6 jyu4 ji3, san1 tai2 gin6 hong1, si6 jip6 faat3 daat6, saang1 ji3 hing1 lung4, zyu1 nin4 daai6 gat1!
Happy New Year!
Happy New Year!
That's all folks! Hope you are having a great time learning new words in Chinese, Korean, and Japanese.
Here's wishing you all a happy and prosperous lunar new year!